اثربخشی درمان حساسیت‌زدایی با حرکت چشم و پردازش مجدّد بر سرگردانی ذهنی، کم‌رویی و اضطراب در افراد با اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی درمان حساسیت‌زدایی با حرکت چشم و پردازش مجدد بر سرگردانی ذهنی، کم‌رویی و اضطراب در دانش‌جویان دارای اضطراب اجتماعی انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. 30 دانش‌جوی با اضطراب اجتماعی از میان دانش‌جویان دانشگاه خلیج فارس انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی (15 نفر) و گروه کنترل (15 نفر) اختصاص داده شدند. قبل و بعد از اجرای درمان، پرسش‌نامه‌های سرگردانی ذهنی، کم‌رویی و اضطراب اجتماعی بر روی دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش اجرا گردیدند. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش حساسیت‌زدایی با حرکت چشم و پردازش مجدّد باعث کاهش سرگردانی ذهنی، کم‌رویی و اضطراب اجتماعی دانش‌جویان گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه کنترل شده است. در نتیجه می‌توان بیان کرد که درمان حساسیت‌زدایی با حرکت چشم و پردازش مجدد در بهبود سرگردانی ذهنی و کم‌رویی و علایم اضطراب اجتماعی دانش‌جویان دارای اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی اثربخش است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy on the mind-wandering, shyness and social anxiety in people with social anxiety disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sadegh Hekmatiyan Fard 1
  • Soran Rajabi 2
  • Faride Sadathoseini 3
1 M.A. of Public Psychology, Persian Gulf University Bushehr, Bushehr, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Persian Gulf University Bushehr, Bushehr, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Persian Gulf University Bushehr, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing treatment on mind-wandering, shyness and anxiety in students with social anxiety. The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest and posttest with control group. Thirty students with social anxiety disprder selecte vouluntary and were randomly assigned to two experimental (n = 15) and control group (n = 15). Before and after treatment, the questionnaires of mind-wandering, shyness, and social anxiety were administered on control and experimental groups. The results showed that desensitization training with eye movement and reprocessing reduced mind-wandering, shyness and social anxiety in the experimental group compared to the control group. As a result, it can be stated that desensitization treatment with eye movement and reprocessing is effective in improving mind wandering and shyness and social anxiety symptoms in students with social anxiety disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
  • mind-wandering
  • Shyness
  • social phobia
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