بررسی اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد (ACT) در کاهش علایم اختلال اضطراب جدایی کودکان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی، واحد زرند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زرند، ایران

چکیده

یکی از درمان‌های موج سوم روان درمانی در رابطه با اختلالات اضطرابی، درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد در کاهش علایم اختلال اضطراب جدایی کودکان بود که به روش نیمه‌آزمایشی از نوع پیش‌آزمون و‌پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام شد. 28 کودک هفت و هشت ساله با تشخیص اختلال اضطراب جدایی مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک‌های روانشناسی شهر رشت به روش تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. والدین کودکان مقیاس سنجش اضطراب جدایی- فرم والد هان و همکاران تکمیل نمودند. درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد روی گروه آزمایش در هشت جلسه اجرا شد و داده‌ها با استفاده از روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد در کاهش علایم اضطراب جدایی کودکان مؤثر است. بنابراین، این درمان می‌تواند به‌عنوان یک روش درمانی مؤثر در کاهش اضطراب جدایی کودکان به کار برده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on reduction separation anxiety disorder symptoms in children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahin Ahmadvand
  • Hamideh Ahmadi Kohanali
M.A. in Psychology, Branch Zarand, Islamic Azad University, Zarand, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the treatments in third wave of psychotherapy in relation to anxiety disorders is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of ACT on reduction of symptoms in separation anxiety disorder in children. The method of this study was semi-experimental with pretest, post-test and control group.  28 children (7 and 8 years old) with anxiety disorder referring to Rasht city counseling clinics were selected using voluntary sampling method and randomly were assigned to experiment and control  groups. The parent completed Separation Anxiety Assessment Scale-parent form. Acceptance and commitment therapy was performed on the experimental group in 8 session and the data were analyzed using covariance analysis statistical method. The results showed that acceptance and commitment therapy is effective on reduction of symptoms separation anxiety disorder in children and can be used as a therapeutic approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • acceptance and commitment therapy
  • separation anxiety
  • child
منابع
فارسی
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