عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to compare the recognition of basic and complex emotions (audio and video) among people with major depressive disorder, general anxiety disorder, and normal people. The method of this research is descriptive and ex post facto and study population included all patients with major depression disorder and general anxiety referring to Tabriz's health centers in 2017. Twenty-five people were selected by through a purposive sampling for each group and 25 normal people were selected for matching with these groups. To collect information, the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) and the Cambridge Mindreading Face-Voice Battery (CAM) were used. And data were analyzed by using descriptive indicators and Multivariate and univariate analysis of variance. The results showed that depressed people had more problems in identifying basic and complex emotions than in normal people. There was a significant difference between people with general anxiety disorder and normal people in terms of recognition of basic and complex emotions. Another finding of the study indicated a greater destruction of emotional recognition among people with depressive disorder than those with a generalized anxiety disorder. The findings of this study indicated that individuals with major depression and anxiety tend to bias perception and attention in the recognition of emotions, which can be one of the reasons for the problem of interpersonal communication between these patients.